Headache: Causes, Types and Remedies


Headache is a situation that is very common among people of every age. Many people suffer from headaches daily. It can range from mild to drastic situation.

A minor headache can be ignored but if it turned to severe condition you should take some medication or follow some steps to reduce it.

What causes headaches?

Several different factors are responsible for headaches to occur. Doctors thought that the brain and skull are not responsible for headaches, but the major factor causing headaches is blood vessels. The scalp, teeth, and neck joints are responsible for head pain.
Usually, headache is characterized into two main categories i.e. primary and secondary headaches.

Primary Headache:

The primary headache does not belong to any other medical condition. Different reasons trigger primary headache that is:
  • Overactivity of muscles
  • Brain
  • Nerves
  • Blood vessels

Secondary Headache:

S   Secondary headache belongs to some other medical conditions. Different causes of a secondary headache may be listed as:
Secondary headache leads to different health issues. So it is advised to seek quick medical assistance if any headache:
  • ·Occurs regularly
  • ·No improvement with medication
  • ·Is persistent
  • ·Occurs along with different symptoms such as severe fever, neck pain, etc.


Types of Headache:

There are over hundreds of different types of headaches. Some of the major types are discussed here:

Tension Headache:

This type of headache is most common of all types. It is very common among youngsters and older persons. Most of the time it lasts for a few minutes but at the same time, it may last for a larger time depending on the situation.
In this type of headache, a person feels pressure on eyes, pain on both sides of the neck and shoulder. This type of headache sometimes changes into migraines because of long term tension situations.

The major symptoms of tension headache are:

  • Headache behind eyes
  • Headache on the top of the head
  • Headache in front of the head

Migraine Headache:

Migraine headache is somehow different from a normal headache. It involves throbbing and pulsating pain in one portion of your head. It may switch from one side to another with the passage of time.
It belongs to the primary headache.

Symptoms of migraine are:

  • Nausea
  • Hypersensitivity to light and noise
  • severe pain lasting for 2 to 24 hours
  • Increasing pain during different activities
  • Vomiting
Medically it is proven that migration is caused by the change in nerve cell activity and blood flow in the head portion.

The major cause of migraine are :

  • Loud noises
  • Emotional stress
  • Fatigue
  • Missing a meal etc.

Quick remedies to get off from headache

Headaches are usually common among different people and different people deal with it on a daily basis. Although different medications are available but simple remedies can also be affected. Different remedies to get off from headache are as:

Get proper sleep:

Improper sleeping can be harmful to your health and cause headaches o some people. Proper sleep is compulsory to get rid of different diseases and more appealingly headache.
Survey analysis of different people shown that those who take sleeping less than six hours suffer more from headaches. However, getting too much sleep is also not good for health and sometimes cause headache in many people.
For maximum benefits try to sleep seven to nine hours every night.

Avoid Strong Smell:

Certain individuals are allergic to strong smell like perfumes and other cleaners smell. If you think you are sensitive to the strong smell, then avoid perfumes, and cigarette smell to reduce headaches.
A study has shown that strong odors trigger headaches in people who experience migraines or any other kind of headache.

Get some Exercise:

The easiest and simplest way to reduce headaches is to get some exercise. Exercise boosts metabolism and helps to regulate blood flow.
Therefore a low level of physical activity triggers not only a headache but also some other diseases.
There are different physical activities you can try but the simplest one is to walk for half an hour daily in the morning and evening.

Sip some Green tea:

Green tea is a mixture of different herbs and contains many different beneficial compounds including different antioxidants.
One study has shown that those who drink green tea regularly are less likely to suffer from headaches. It also helps to lower nausea and vomiting that are common symptoms of headaches.

Drink Water:

Proper hydration may reduce the chances of headache. It is because one reason for headaches is high blood pressure. Water helps to lower down blood pressure and hence reduce headaches.
Studies have shown that chronic dehydration is a common cause of tension headache and migraines.
Therefore to reduce headaches focus on drinking plenty of water throughout the day and also focus on eating water-rich fruits.

Relax with Yoga:

Yoga is the best way to relax your body mentally and physically. It helps to boost up energy, by lowering stress and fatigue and overall improves the quality of life.
Studies have shown that headaches and migraines are lower in those who follow proper guidelines along with yoga, compare to those receiving conventional care only.